Carl Shapiro

Carl Shapiro is Professor of the Graduate School at the Haas School of Business and the Department of Economics at the University of California at Berkeley. Shapiro had the honor of serving as a Senate-confirmed Member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers during 2011-12. For the two years immediately prior to that, he was the Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics at the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice; he also held that position during 1995-96. Shapiro is the co-author, with Hal R. Varian, of Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy. Shapiro has published extensively in the areas of industrial organization, competition policy, patents, the economics of innovation, and competitive strategy. Shapiro also has testified as an expert witness on behalf of the government in a number of important antitrust cases.

Using Economics To Diagnose a Lessening of Competition

Carl Shapiro discusses the central role of economics in merger review under Section 7 of the Clayton Act. Shapiro traces the evolution of merger law in response to advances in Industrial Organization economics over the past 50 years, highlighting how economic concepts and analysis are indispensable for predicting the likely competitive effects of proposed mergers.

Carl Shapiro: How Would These Draft Guidelines Work in Practice?

Carl Shapiro provides his round-two comments on the draft Merger Guidelines.

Carl Shapiro: Why Dropping Market Power from the Merger Guidelines Matters

Carl Shapiro provides his round-one comments on the draft Merger Guidelines.

How Will the FTC Evaluate Vertical Mergers?

The Federal Trade Commission’s recent withdrawal of its 2020 vertical merger guidelines is flatly incorrect as a matter of microeconomic theory and is contrary...

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